WWII

Please Note: It is important to note that wars are intricate and complicated endeavors, and that these summaries are meant to provide a quick overview, and do not delve into the many complexities involved in each individual war.

 

WWII → 1941-1945

Prior to America’s involvement, Europe had been at war with Hitler and his allies since the Nazi’s invaded Poland in 1939. On December 7, 1941, the Japanese launched a surprise attack on the Pearl Harbor naval base, killing over 2,000 American soldiers. The next day, President Franklin D. Roosevelt asked Congress to declare war on Japan, which they did with only one opposing vote. Three days later, Germany and Italy declared war on the United States, which the US reciprocated. During the war, the US fought on the Western front, the Pacific front, and also carried out campaigns in Northern Africa.

The Battle of Stalingrad is often marked as the point in which the war turned in favor of the US and its allies. Italy surrendered to the US and its allies on September 8, 1943. On June 6, 1944, the US launched their most famous campaign of the war, the Invasion of Normandy. Germany would formally surrender less than a year later on May 8, 1945. Three months later the US dropped two atomic bombs on Japan, one on Hiroshima, and another on Nagasaki. Japan officially surrendered on August 15, 1945.

 

US military casualties: 416,800

Surviving Minnesota veterans: 18,523

 

 

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