Persian Gulf War

Please Note: It is important to note that wars are intricate and complicated endeavors, and that these summaries are meant to provide a quick overview, and do not delve into the many complexities involved in each individual war.

Persian Gulf War (Operation Desert Storm)→ 1990-1991

On August 2, 1990 Saddam Hussein, began an invasion of Kuwait with roughly 100,000 Iraqi troops. His reasoning behind the occupation was that Kuwait had historically been part of Iraq, and that they were depressing oil prices. In just three days, the troops took the emirate’s capital, Kuwait City, forcing the royal family into exile. They were also successful in gaining control of Kuwait’s oil fields.

On June 16, 1991 the United States and its allies became involved. An international coalition had been organized and 180,000 troops were deployed. Syria and Turkey closed off their oil pipelines to Iraq and the Soviets agreed to an arms embargo. In November, President George H.W. Bush doubled the number of American troops in the region, and received permission to wage war if Hussein and his troops didn’t pull out. An air campaign was waged and destroyed Iraq’s industrial and war making facilities. 100 hours after the ground campaign began the war was over. The US and its allies had managed to liberate Kuwait in 43 days.


US military casualties: 300

Surviving Minnesota veterans: 97, 696


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